从独尊儒术到魏晋之风

in cn •  2 years ago 

最近在读一点点中国历史,有些感悟,所以想陆续做个记录。

秦朝推崇法家,实行的是严酷统治,导致民不聊生,最后被推翻。所以汉朝一开始是轻徭薄赋体恤民情,实行的是道家的无为而治。黄老之学的统治思想,让广大的人民富了起来,但是各个诸侯权力也越来越大,逐渐可以和中央对抗起来。

罢黜百家,独尊儒术,是汉武帝实行的封建思想统治政策,让儒学成为封建正统思想,加强了集权统治。

儒学独尊之后,开始影响社会的方方面面,连法律也开始遵从儒家学说。当官府判案遇到没有相应的法律法规可以引用的时候,便根据儒家经义开始断案,效果还不错,于是越来越普及,引发了官僚对于儒经的注释,把里面的一些话解释的越来越精细。到了东汉末年,这股风气达到了极致,往往儒经里面的一句话能有十几万几十万字的注解。

而儒家推崇尊贵卑贱长幼有序,有着森严的等级制度,那些平民出身的知识分子不可能到达社会高层,而且时局越来越乱,战争越来越多,儒经似乎并没有办法很好的治理国家,所以越来越多的知识分子又开始了转投老庄之学,要么玩归隐山林,像陶渊明那样,亦或是一帮子人整天在一起高谈阔论,喝酒嗑药,风流潇洒,任性自然地生活,开创了魏晋之风。
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我个人一直认为,儒学本没问题,只是后世多年来吧孔夫子的很多本意曲解了,才导致有酸儒、百无一用是书生等的说法出现。

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确实如此

  ·  2 years ago (Edited)